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The first version of a graphic cover Windows for MS-DOS appeared nearly thirty years ago, to anniversary there were only several months. Decades later Windows share in the market of personal computers makes more than ninety percent. More than a half of all desktop computers work at Windows 7.

Let's remember what Windows versions we saw since 1985.

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The first version of a graphic cover Windows appeared in 1985: On November 20 it appeared in networks of retail trade. To avoid legal problems with Mac OS, developers did not use a basket, and windows could not block each other. This Windows version had no taskbar in the bottom of the screen. "The useless superstructure over DOS" included one game — Reversi.

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Two years later, in 1987, Microsoft released the Windows 2.0 version. There were acquaintances to us since the Paint application childhood, hours, the MS-DOS file manager, the terminal. Soon after release 2.0 the company for the first time ported Word and Excel on Windows.

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Windows 3.0 in 1990 Program Manager included, support of VGA and virtual memory, new "3D" - design and the game "Kerchief". Game was necessary not for entertainment of office employees, and for user training to skill of ownership of a mouse.

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In 1992 Microsoft issues Windows 3.1, having added scalable fonts of TrueType and the game "Sapper" to system — to train strike accuracy the cursor on the screen. For the first time in system support of a multimedia content appeared.

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Windows for Workgroups 3.1 left in 1992. It included native support of networks – especially the LAN local area networks which are promptly gaining popularity in business of that time.

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It is possible to designate 1993 year of birth of the Windows operating system. To the Windows NT 3.1 what was called Windows was a graphic cover for MS-DOS. Now Microsoft provided a 32-bit operating system expected modern workstations. Externally OS did not differ from Windows 3.1.

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In August, 2015 20 years of Windows 95 were performed. Computer systems became cogitable not only the geek, but also the housewife. Work with system was simplified by the Start-up button and a task bar.

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The Windows NT 4.0 combined the interface similar to Windows 95, with a reliable kernel of the Windows NT. This system became the most popular OS from Microsoft for business on the following several years.

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The Windows CE – an operating system for handheld computers, smartphones and the built-in systems. It was let out in November, 1996, at that time it was the "cut-down" version of a desktop operating system. The latest version of system – 7.0 – was let out in March, 2011.

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Internet Explorer Web browser became irreplaceable part of Windows 98 issued in 1998. In system the toolbar for fast start of applications and native support of USB appeared. The system became very popular, though not the stablest.

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Windows 2000 is version 5.0 of an operating system from the Windows NT line. Followers of a line of steel XP, Vista, Windows 7 and 8. The first public beta of system appeared in 1997, the company rolled out the final version on February 17, 2000. The system supported server part of the Active Directory, the series 3.0 NTFS file system, and the encoded EFS, received the user interface with Active Desktop.

To use Windows 2000, it was necessary to have the processor from 133 MHz, from 32 megabytes of random access memory and from 2 gigabytes of memory on the hard drive.

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The Windows ME issued in 2000 of both criticism, and the user called extremely unstable, spoke about permanent hangups and abnormal terminations of work.

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On the first computer purchased by me the Windows XP operating system was installed. The computer at me appeared in 2006, and the Microsoft company let out XP in 2001. The Windows XP became the most popular operating system of Microsoft of the time.

In June, 2008 Microsoft declared that it will support XP till 2014. The general support of system came to the end in 2009, expanded – on April 8, 2014.

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In 2007 Microsoft let out Windows Vista in response to the Mac OS X operating system. Translucent windows, big icons, the new menu of the Start-up button after all could not impress critics.

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The server operating system of Windows Server 2008 succeeded Windows Server 2003 as the representative of new generation of systems of Vista family.

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Windows 7 – one of the most successful releases of Windows. Having left the beautiful interface (Aero) and icons, Microsoft cleaned a set of bugs and made system of more reliable.

Between release of the Windows XP and Windows Vista there passed six years, and between release of Vista and 7 – only three years.

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In 2012 Microsoft submitted Windows 8 with the tiled Metro interface. The interface the first appears after start of system and is similar to a desktop. Fortunately, the operating system continued to support a classical desktop of Windows, but removed the Start-up button. The system is expected touch screens though it is possible to use it and on computers with normal monitors.

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Windows 8.1 – updating for Windows 8 of 2014. Now users at start can see the working screen instead of Metro, the Start-up button, though without old starting menu appeared.

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In 2015 submitted to Microsoft Windows 10 to which it is possible to pass with Windows 7 and Windows 8. Returned to Microsoft the starting menu.

Did not do without the moments, unpleasant for the ultimate user: torrent trackers in August, 2015 began to ban users with Windows 10 on computers because the system otpralvlyat the excessive number of data on servers of Microsoft.

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