Geek magazine hacker daily blog

UNESCO notes growth of world expenses on science

1 year, 8 months ago
Despite all difficulties, mankind after all moves on the way of science, technologies and innovations. Expenses on science in the state budgets grow every year both in absolute, and in relative expression, follows from the last report of UNESCO on science "On the way by 2030".

Prepares such reports of UNESCO each five years, paying special attention to long-term tendencies, but not short-term annual fluctuations. More than 50 experts participated in preparation of this report, each of which analyzed a situation in the region or the country of the origin.

In five years global intensity of Research and Development in the world grew from 1,57% (2007) to 1,70% (2013) of GDP. In 2013 world gross expenses on Research and Development reached 1478 bln. dollars (at par consumer capability) and grew by 47%, in comparison with 2007.

In Russia in five years the number of scientists and researchers sharply decreased, the share in world GDP and in world VRNIOKR fell, expenses percentage of GDP remained at the same level of 1,12%, but per capita much grew.

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Why the bitcoin grows again?

1 year, 8 months ago
The last several days, those who monitor a rate of bitcoin also fixedly as well as Hashflare, could become witnesses of mad races of a course at all world exchanges during which the price of bitcoin punched several psychologically important marks. On the Chinese Okcoin, Huobi, BtcChina the cost of one coin several times passed for 3300 yuans ($500), the European exchanges react with small lateness, but also there the course approached $500 for a coin, with the subsequent adjustments.


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To purchase the car in the vending machine? Not a problem: throw a coin, receive a car

1 year, 8 months ago


There is a lot of cars in the world. But here purchase of a car still is rather difficult and long process. Often at all it is not enough to come to salon and to pay for the car — usually it is necessary to wait for the order, and a decent amount of time. But now everything changed, at least, in one city — in Nashville, the USA. Here the vending machine which sells … cars is installed.

A few years ago the Carvana company began to work on creation of an online platform on car sale. Process of purchase of a car on the websites Carvana is similar to what happens in salon, including payment type selection, the choice of a guarantee, signing of the agreement. But here it is required to time less — the car can be purchased in only 20 minutes. Buyers can also select delivery option — to take away the machine independently or to wait for delivery. Now there was the third option: vending machine.

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Blokcheyn, startups and financial that in Russia

1 year, 8 months ago

Today would like to distract a little from widely discussed subjects about blocking and other bans and to talk about what good occurs around. And occurs surprisingly much: the training meetings and hackathons are held, Knowledge Ventures and iBank invest in financial that startups, Blockchain Community and financial that Future Fintech cluster was started, the Center of prototyping of Higher School of Economics with QIWI and Lykke hold a series of master classes in a blokcheyn.

And now on - to an order:

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7 questions to the broker or what the ruble suffers from

1 year, 8 months ago
Many years, since about the middle of August, residents of Russia with a sinking heart monitor economic events. In one country of the world so much attention is not riveted on a change in the exchange rate of national currency. So, for example, around the world panic in the population is caused by inflation and an increase in prices, and we have a change in the exchange rate of dollar. Digits on a board of banks concern all: from the large companies with currency contracts to the individuals who even are not thinking to become bigwigs of the foreign exchange market. Templates were already created: oil becomes cheaper — the ruble becomes cheaper and vice versa. The questions connected with influence of factors on currency rate and an opportunity quickly arise that to me less, constantly and to earn safely from fluctuations. We collected 7 most widespread and are ready for them to answer.

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How to purchase currency at the price "from the future": Futures and forwards

1 year, 8 months ago


In our blog on Habré we already told about derivative financial instruments and, in particular, futures. Today we will talk about how these tools in application to currencies work.

Back in the future: forward contract


Not the most obvious thought, but currency rate for date in the future is not unknown value — it is known right now. Of course, this is not about a prediction of what the course of a certain currency will be in reality — only psychics or analysts (can do such predictions and, when forecasting a course for specific date between them not such big difference).

The price at which it is possible to make the transaction with currency with calculations in specific date in the future is known. And such opportunity is given by both banks, and the Moscow exchange is the future/forward contract fixing the price (currency rate) of date in the future.

Such contracts on purchase and sale of currency for any dates consist many years banks and their clients. It is convenient for business — signed the contract for delivery of the equipment, the forward purchased, and it is not necessary to worry about possible rate movements "not in that party".

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Output from a shadow: As there are new exchanges

1 year, 8 months ago
Note of the translator: On Habré we published adaptation of the best-seller of Michael Lewis which tells about influence of high-frequency trading on a financial system in our blog. Now heroes of this book want to create "the exchange what it has to be".



On September 16, 2015 the Commission on securities and the exchanges of the USA (SEC) declared that the IEX company is going to become public stock exchange which will carry the name Investors Exchange (The exchange of investors) [1]. IEX and its executive director Brad Katsuyama are known as heroes of the book of Michael Lewis "Fast boys" (Flash Boys): stubborn idealists who found fraud on securities market of the USA and decided to correct a situation. So they based the dark-pool. Now they want to make of it this exchange.

What is a dark-pool
Darc pool (dark pool) call liquidity or trade amount which is hidden from most of participants of the exchange market.

The considerable part of dark-pools forms transactions of large payroll companies and funds, information on which is not output to the general trading floors. Similar transactions, as a rule, pass through alternative finance networks (ECN) or directly between players of the market.

There are several types of dark-pools.

  • The independent companies created to offer to clients unique terms for exchange trade treat the first.
  • Broker dark-pools can be created by broker companies, inside dark pools auction goes between clients of one broker.
  • Darc pools of exchange platforms — sometimes dark pools are created also at the exchanges which want to give to some clients certain benefits thanks to anonymity and closeness of auction.


Why IEX wants to become the exchange? One of the reasons is that founders see in IEX not just business, but also the mission. Katsuyama, apparently, tries to improve functioning of the markets, and its command can make it only as the exchange, but not as a dark-pool. Especially, the phrase "dark-pool" guards a little. If you want to change how people conduct auction, do it by the light of day.

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Having lost bitcoin key, you will not lose the bitcoins

1 year, 8 months ago
Global problem which one and all users bitcoin purses – a problem of safety of personal keys face. While most of vendors of purses, for the purpose of safety, everywhere implement function of the multisignature, all the same the user should store a private key or keys samolichno, so, risk actual need to lose or forget a key (that involves loss of control over the assets which are stored in a purse) still. However, the new BitGo service within which the 2 of 3 keys model will function, is urged to minimize these risks.


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The Ministry of Finance told British that it suggests to put in prison for converting of bitcoins in rubles

1 year, 8 months ago
In interview to the British website CoinDesk by the deputy minister of finance of the Russian Federation Alesya of Moses confirmed intention of the Ministry of Finance to initiate introduction of criminal liability for converting of cryptocurrencies to Russian rubles. Earlier the Ministry of Finance prepared a draft copy of the bill prescribing at first administrative punishment, and after the next changes, and criminal prosecution and imprisonment of guilty persons, for up to 4 years — for converting of "monetary substitutes".


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Evolyution fund instead of "Dynasty": promoting of science in Russia continues

1 year, 8 months ago

Photo: Stanislav Krasilnikov / TASS

On October 31 (it is Saturday) the Dinastiya fund completes the work. It is known that this organization supported young scientists, promoting of science, with conducting publishing was its mission. "Dynasty" was based by Dmitry Zimin, the honorary president of the VimpelCom company, in 2002. For all the time of existence the fund spent about 2 billion rubles for execution of the purposes. The organization took more than 2 thousand scientists and 5 thousand teachers, held more than one hundred scientific conferences.

As it was already reported, in May of this year the fund was entered by the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation in the register of "the non-profit organizations executing functions of the foreign agent". For this reason the manual of fund made a decision on termination of work. Nevertheless, in June it was offered to organize the new organization which would allow to implement missions of "Dynasty" without the fund, writes "Газета.Ru". This sentence was heard: instead of "Dynasty" there will be a new fund which received the name "Evolution".

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